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Obra Templado [34wm0kv7ozl7] - Documents and E-books

Obra Completa Templado Jorge Eslava Pdf 80: A Review of the Novel by Jorge Eslava

If you are looking for a novel that explores the themes of identity, belonging, love, friendship, and social issues in Peru, you might want to check out Obra Completa Templado Jorge Eslava Pdf 80. This is a PDF version of the novel Templado by Jorge Eslava, a Peruvian writer and sociologist. In this article, I will review this novel and discuss its plot, themes, symbols, style, and language. I will also evaluate its strengths and weaknesses and give my recommendation for the readers.

obra completa templado jorge eslava pdf 80


What is Templado?

Templado is a novel written by Jorge Eslava in 1996. It tells the story of a teenage boy named Miguel Ángel, who lives in Lima with his mother and his stepfather. Miguel Ángel feels lonely and misunderstood by his family and his peers. He finds solace in his friendship with a horse named Templado, who lives in a nearby stable. Templado is a special horse who can communicate with Miguel Ángel through telepathy. Together, they share their dreams, fears, hopes, and secrets.

Who is Jorge Eslava?

Jorge Eslava is a Peruvian writer and sociologist who was born in Lima in 1953. He studied sociology and literature at the University of San Marcos, where he obtained his degree. He has written several novels, poems, essays, and children's books. Some of his most famous works are Amigos se escribe con h, Sol tan lejos, Cuaderno de viaje, and El guardián de la luz. He has won several awards for his literary works, such as the Premio Nacional de Literatura Infantil y Juvenil (National Award for Children's and Young Adult Literature) in 1994 and 2004.

Why is this novel important?

This novel is important because it reflects the reality of many young people in Peru who struggle with their identity, their family, their society, and their future. It also shows the diversity and richness of Peruvian culture, history, and language. It also raises awareness about some social issues that affect Peru, such as poverty, violence, corruption, racism, and environmental degradation.

Summary of the Plot

The main characters

  • Miguel Ángel: He is the protagonist of the novel. He is a 15-year-old boy who lives in Lima with his mother and his stepfather. He feels lonely and alienated from his family and his school. He loves reading books and writing poems. He has a special bond with Templado, a horse who can talk to him through telepathy.

  • Templado: He is a horse who lives in a stable near Miguel Ángel's house. He is a smart and loyal animal who can communicate with Miguel Ángel through telepathy. He helps Miguel Ángel cope with his problems and gives him advice.

  • Miguel Ángel's mother: She is a woman who works as a secretary in a bank. She loves her son but she does not understand him very well. She remarried after her first husband died in an accident.

  • Miguel Ángel's stepfather: He is a man who works as a lawyer. He does not get along with Miguel Ángel very well. He often criticizes him for being lazy and rebellious.

  • Miguel Ángel's friends: They are a group of teenagers who go to the same school as Miguel Ángel. They are not very close to him but they sometimes hang out with him. They like to play soccer, listen to music, watch movies, and talk about girls.

  • Miguel Ángel's teachers: They are a group of adults who teach at Miguel Ángel's school. They are not very supportive or inspiring to him. They often scold him for being late or not doing his homework.

  • Miguel Ángel's girlfriend: She is a girl who goes to another school. She likes Miguel Ángel but she does not know much about him. She sometimes calls him or writes him letters.

The setting and the context

The novel takes place in Lima, the capital city of Peru, in the mid-1990s. Lima is a large and crowded city that faces many social problems such as poverty, violence, corruption, racism, pollution etc.The novel also refers to some historical events that happened in Peru during that time period such as:

  • The internal armed conflict between the government forces and the terrorist groups such as Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) and MRTA (Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement) that caused thousands of deaths and disappearances.

  • The authoritarian regime of Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) that violated human rights and democracy.

  • The economic crisis that affected many people's living conditions.

  • The cultural diversity that characterized Peru's population composed of different ethnic groups such as mestizos (mixed race), indigenous people (Quechua, Aymara etc.), Afro-Peruvians etc.

The main events and conflicts

The novel follows Miguel Ángel's life for one year from his birthday to his next birthday.Some of the main events that happen during this year are:

  • Miguel Ángel meets Templado for the first time at the stable where he works part-time.

  • Miguel Ángel discovers that Templado can talk to him through telepathy.

  • Miguel Ángel starts to write poems inspired by Templado.

  • Miguel Ángel has an argument with his stepfather who wants him to study law instead of literature.

  • Miguel Ángel has a fight with his friends who mock him for being different.

  • Miguel Ángel falls in love with a girl from another school who writes him letters.

  • Miguel Ángel participates in a poetry contest at his school but he does not win.

  • Miguel Ángel witnesses a terrorist attack near his house that kills several people.

  • Miguel Ángel visits Cusco with his mother where he learns more about Peru's history and culture.

  • Miguel Ángel finds out that Templado is going to be sold to another owner.

  • Miguel Ángel decides to run away with Templado to save him from being separated from him.

Some of the main conflicts that Miguel Ángel faces during this year are:

  • The conflict between Miguel Ángel and his family who do not understand or support him very well.

  • The conflict between Miguel Ángel and his society that does not offer him many opportunities or hope for his future.

  • The conflict between Miguel Ángel and himself who does not know who he really is or what he really wants.

Analysis of Themes And Symbols

The theme Of Identity And Belonging

The symbol of the horse and the fire

Another important theme of the novel is the symbol of the horse and the fire. The horse represents Miguel Ángel's freedom, courage, and spirit. The fire represents Miguel Ángel's passion, creativity, and transformation. Templado is a special horse who has a fire mark on his forehead. He is also able to breathe fire when he is angry or excited. Miguel Ángel feels a strong connection with Templado because they both share the same desire to escape from their oppressive and boring reality. They both want to live a life full of adventure and wonder. They both want to express their true selves and their true feelings.

The theme of love and friendship

The last theme of the novel is the theme of love and friendship. Miguel Ángel experiences different kinds of love and friendship throughout the novel. He loves his mother but he feels that she does not love him back as much as he needs. He loves his girlfriend but he feels that she does not know him well enough to understand him. He loves his friends but he feels that they do not respect him or support him. He loves Templado but he fears that he will lose him someday. Miguel Ángel learns that love and friendship are not easy or simple. They require trust, communication, honesty, and compromise. They also require sacrifice, loyalty, and courage.

Evaluation of the Style and Language

The use of first-person narration

The novel is written in first-person narration from Miguel Ángel's point of view. This allows the reader to enter into Miguel Ángel's mind and emotions. It also creates a sense of intimacy and empathy with the protagonist. The reader can see how Miguel Ángel perceives himself and his world. The reader can also see how Miguel Ángel changes and grows throughout the novel.

The use of colloquial and regional expressions

The novel uses colloquial and regional expressions that reflect Miguel Ángel's social class, age, and culture. The novel also uses some words and phrases in Spanish that are typical of Peru or Lima. For example, Miguel Ángel calls his mother "mamita", his stepfather "tío", his friends "causas" or "patas", his girlfriend "flaca" etc. He also uses some slang words such as "chamba" (work), "chela" (beer), "chibolo" (kid), "huasca" (drunk) etc. These expressions give the novel a realistic and authentic tone. They also show the diversity and richness of Peruvian language and culture.

The use of humor and irony

The novel uses humor and irony to deal with some serious and tragic situations that Miguel Ángel faces. For example, Miguel Ángel makes fun of his stepfather's name (Federico) by calling him "Federica" or "Federico el Rico". He also makes fun of his teachers' names by changing them slightly (for example, Mr. Paredes becomes Mr. Paredones). He also makes jokes about some of the events that happen in his life (for example, when he sees a terrorist attack near his house, he says "Qué bonito fuego artificial"). These examples show how Miguel Ángel uses humor and irony as a way of coping with his problems and expressing his feelings.


The main message and the impact of the novel

The main message of the novel is that life is full of challenges and difficulties but also full of opportunities and possibilities. Miguel Ángel learns that he has to face his reality with courage and optimism. He also learns that he has to find his own identity and purpose in life. He also learns that he has to value his relationships with others and himself.The impact of the novel is that it makes the reader reflect on their own life and their own choices. It also makes the reader appreciate their own culture and history. It also makes the reader aware of some social issues that affect Peru and other countries.

The strengths and weaknesses of the novel

Some of the strengths of the novel are:

  • It has an original and engaging plot that keeps the reader interested.

  • It has a realistic and relatable protagonist that makes the reader empathize with him.

  • It has a creative and poetic language that makes the reader enjoy reading it.

  • It has a rich and diverse cultural background that makes the reader learn more about Peru.

Some of the weaknesses of the novel are:

  • It has some unrealistic or exaggerated elements that make the reader doubt its credibility (for example, Templado's ability to talk or breathe fire).

  • It has some confusing or unclear transitions that make the reader lose track of time or place (for example, when Miguel Ángel travels to Cusco).

  • It has some repetitive or redundant scenes or dialogues that make the reader bored or annoyed (for example, when Miguel Ángel argues with his stepfather).

  • It has some unresolved or open-ended questions or conflicts that make the reader unsatisfied or frustrated (for example, what happens to Templado at the end).

The recommendation for the readers

I would recommend this novel to readers who are interested in learning more about Peru's culture, history, and society. I would also recommend this novel to readers who are looking for a novel that explores the themes of identity, belonging, love, friendship, and social issues in a creative and engaging way.I would not recommend this novel to readers who are looking for a realistic or logical novel that follows a strict structure or format. I would also not recommend this novel to readers who are looking for a simple or easy novel that does not require much analysis or interpretation.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is Templado's name origin?

Templado means tempered in Spanish. It refers to someone who has a balanced or moderate temperament. It also refers to someone who has been hardened or strengthened by fire or heat.

  • What is Jorge Eslava's main genre?

Jorge Eslava's main genre is children's literature. He has written many books for children and young adults that deal with topics such as friendship, family, adventure, fantasy etc.

  • What is Peru's official language?

Peru's official language is Spanish. However, there are many other languages spoken in Peru such as Quechua, Aymara, Ashaninka etc.

  • What is Lima's nickname?

Lima's nickname is La Ciudad de los Reyes (The City of Kings). It was given by the Spanish conquerors who founded Lima on January 6th 1535 which is the feast day of Epiphany or Three Kings Day.

  • What is Cusco's significance?

Cusco's significance is that it was the capital city of the Inca Empire which was one of the largest and most advanced civilizations in South America before the Spanish colonization.


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